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PALACE  


The Pavlovsk Palace
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Though the building and decoration of the Palace was carried out by a succession of architects, its interiors and architecture show a great unity of style; the Palace's decor is completely integrated with its architecture. Its vast art collections won the Palace world renown.

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LIGHTING FIXTURES.

Lighting fixtures play an important role in the artistic embellishment of the Pavlovsk Palace. It includes exquisite and resplendent chandeliers, lamps and lanterns decorated with garlands and fountains of faceted glass drops and made in a great variety of shapes, constructions and materials, such as bronze, crystal, opaque white and coloured glass, porcelain, forged steel, carved wood and oriental alabaster. Russian craftsmen produced a large number of beautiful lighting fixtures marked by distinct national features. In the second half of the eighteenth century, Russian Classicism evolved a specific chandelier scheme well harmonizing with the general character of interior decoration. The light bronze frame was affixed to the elaborate stem of transparent, opaque or coloured glass of turquoise, ruby, dark-blue or dark-green shades; the faceted pyramids in the construction of the chandelier were surmounted by crystal fountains; almond- shaped, richly faceted crystal drops encircled the frame like garlands. When the candles were lit up, the chandelier looked like a crystal fountain, and even a slight movement of the air created a shimmering effect. The ruby-coloured stem and various ornaments of coloured glass enhanced the effect produced by the crystal drops. Such beautiful chandeliers adorn the State Bedroom and the Italian Hall; in the latter case the crystal decoration is shaped like ostrich's feathers.

The chandeliers were usually designed by eminent architects responsible for interior decoration, such as Voronikhin, Kazakov, Montferrand, Lvov, Rossi, and by many other Russian and foreign masters. The chandelier frames were made in numerous private bronze workshops in St Petersburg; coloured glass for the stems and crystal drops was produced at the Imperial Glass Factory and faceting of crystal drops for the chandeliers was performed on diamond-cutting machines at the St Petersburg Lapidary Works, where semi-precious stones were polished.

''Triton''. Candelabra. 1825.Girandole. 1785-90.''Cupid''. Candelabra.<BR>1790.''Ladies and Lilies''. Candelabra. 1775.
"Triton".
Candelabra.
1825.
Girandole.
1785-90.
"Cupid".
Candelabra.
1790.
"Ladies and Lilies".
Candelabra.
1775.

Candelabra with a figure of Greek woman. c.1790.''Minerva''. Candelabra. 1821.''Athenienna''. Candelabra. 1785.Candelabra vase. 1785.
Candelabra with a figure
of Greek woman.
c.1790.
"Minerva".
Candelabra.
1821.
"Athenienna".
Candelabra.
1785.
Candelabra vase.
1785.

''Winged Victory''. Candelabra. 1805.Candelabra. 1785 г.Candelabra. \Candelabra ''Winged Victory''. 1805.
"Winged Victory".
Candelabra.
1805.
Candelabra.
1785 г.
Candelabra.
Candelabra
"Winged Victory".
1805.

Lustre. Russian work. XVIIIc.Lantern. Russian work. The Throne Hall. XIX c.Lustre. Russian work. Picture Gallery. XVIII c.
Lustre.
Russian work.
XVIII c.
Lantern. Russian work.
The Throne Hall. XIX c.
Lustre.
Russian work.
Picture Gallery.
XVIII c.




© Pavlovsk, 1999-2006