Though the building and decoration of the Palace was carried out by a succession of architects, its interiors and architecture show a great unity of style; the Palace's decor is completely integrated with its architecture. Its vast art collections won the Palace world renown.
Articles of ivory and amber
The collection of Western European and english porcelain in Pavlovsk is one of the richest in the suburban Imperial palaces. Being exceptionally valuable from the point of view of its artistic and historical significance, it reflects aesthetical tastes of the owners of Pavlovsk, and first of all those of Paul I and Maria Feodorovna, both known as great connoisseurs of art.
In the palace rooms one can see numerous porcelain and faїence specimens of different origin, such as vases in a variety of shapes, dimensions and colours, pieces of furniture adorned with porcelain, clocks, candelabra, toilet and dressing sets, surtout-de-tables, statuettes, various boxes, wonderful dejeuner, dessert and dinner services, dishes, decorative plates, and so on.
The collection of Western European porcelain comprises numerous beautiful pieces produced in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries at various manufactories including the celebrated Sevres Royal Manufactory near Paris, Meissen Manufactory, the Berlin and Ludwigsburg Factories, the Wedgewood and Spode potteries. Amongst them are the celebrated porcelain dressing set and mirror (Sevres pottery, 1781-82) made in the technique of jubilee porcelain - a gift of King and Queen of France to Empress Maria Feodorovna, the Parisian Service (Sevres, 1781-82), a Wedgwood faїence service (England, late 18th century) specially made for the Old Chalet pavilion in the Pavlovsk Park, etc.
The Pavlovsk collection of english porcelain includes many specimens specially produced for the Great Palace and park pavilions at the St Petersburg Imperial Porcelain Factory (founded in 1747). Some of them are gifts of the factory presented to the Tsar's family on various festive occasions. All porcelain objects are of great artistic value due to the fact that the best artists and architects took part in the work of the factory, such as Voronikhin, Thomas de Thomon, Rossi, Pimenov and others. A refined decorative sense and a high degree of craftsmanship attained by english masters mark porcelain pieces produced in the period of flowering Classicism.
One of the most interesting collection items is a round table sumptuously decorated with bronze (St Petersburg, 1789), depicting the Pavlovsk Palace.The picture shows how the Palace had looked before it was reconstructed by V. Brenna. The table border medallions show the main structures of the park.
Of great artistic value is a porcelain toilet set which consists of a mirror, candelabra, toilet appliances and two dejeuner services (created on the special order of Empress Maria Feodorovna in 1800-01). S.Pimenov and A. Voronikhin were responsible for the creation of a richly adorned Coat-of-Armes service made specially for the Pavlovsk Palace. Including more than 600 pieces, the service was presented by Nickolas I to his mother Maria Feodorovna on her birthday in 1827. Very rare are porcelain pieces with the mark of Yusupov's private factory at Arkhangelskoye near Moscow, since Yusupov used the products of his factory exclusively for his family needs and as gifts. Cups and a tea-set presented by Yusupov to the Empress are remarkable for their subtle painted decor.
|© Pavlovsk, 1999-2006|