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The second mezzanine floor is home to the separate museum exhibition The english Residential Interior (19th-Early 20th Centuries). The main aim of the exhibition is to show the complex of objects that come together to form the furnishings of the interior. This includes furniture, works of decorative and applied art, sculptures and objects of everyday life dating from that period, without which it is impossible to imagine the residential interior. The exhibition also attempts to illustrate the stylistical evolution of the english interior over the entire course of the nineteenth century. The resulting exposition was created after a painstaking study of the wide iconographic material, archive documents and extensive memoir literature.

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YOUNG MAN'S STUDY, 1830s

The Young Man's Study, 1830s (210 Kb)

The young man's study, 1830sThe aspiration towards comfort and convenience is conveyed in the furnishings of this interior. This is reflected in the arrangement, construction and purpose of the furniture. Bookshelves are built into the corners of the study. Despite the great love for books at this time, separate rooms were not usually specifically assigned to libraries in townhouses. Grandees and collectors did, of course, often have studies that doubled up as libraries. Gradually, however, the aspiration towards snugness and comfort gave way to the indiscriminate cramming of rooms full of books. Decorative fabrics were employed in abundance in interiors, draping doors and windows. It also became fashionable to fill rooms with flowers and palmtrees in pots. The form and the size of the furniture changed too, with rationality and succinctness giving way to fanciful and ponderous furnishings.
The furnishings of this interior are to a certain degree inspired by the lines from Alexander Pushkin's masterpiece Eugene Onegin:
A table and a dusty lamp,
A heap of books and a bed
Under the window, covered,
The mahogany furniture (Russia, 1810s-1830s) consists of a bureau with a bronze finish, a bedside desk and a writing bureau for upright work (Hambs workshop, St Petersburg, 1810s). There is a crystal toilet set (Imperial Glass Factory, St Petersburg, 1820) on the mahogany dressing table (Russia, 1830s). The standard oil lamp is made of mahogany, brass and tin-plate and tinged in imitation of bronze (Kitner's lamp workshop, St Petersburg, 1830s). On the walls are portraits of the Durnovo family, miniatures and a large picture Mounting the Guard at the Winter Palace (A. Ladurner, 1837). On the marble fireplace (P. Triscorni, St Petersburg, 1830) are dark glass vases painted with gold (Imperial Glass Factory, St Petersburg, 1830s). The gilt bronze clock is decorated with the figure of a genius (Paris, 1820s).


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